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Thursday, April 2, 2020

Calf Pneumonia

Calf Pneumonia
Calf Pneumonia
Calf Pneumonia
It is very serious disease now a days in calves,because due to it there is a great loss in beef or dairy herds at small age of calves
 Etiology:
Infectious agent include Mannheimia Haemolytica Somnus,IBR,RSV and para-influenza virus III,along with many other bacterial and mycoplasma species.
Enviormental factors include low temperature or high humidity and poor ventilation and also direct droughts onto calves themselves.
Signs&Symptoms:
There are two types of the disease
  1. Acute
  2. Chronic
  • Dull and depressed 
  • High temperature
  • Raise breathing due to lungs damage
  • Nasal discharge
  • Coughing
  • Reduced food intake
  • Chronic pneumonia is more gradual in onset with no distinct ill phase and the cow may appear to still eat well but may have a slight nasal discharge sometimes with an increased respiratory rate and cough
Both form of Respiratory disease cause production losses as there is a reduction in live weight gain and there may be deaths in the acute syndrome.
Treatment:
Antibiotics
Anti-inflammatory
Antihelmintics can prescribed for the treatment
Prevention:
It can be difficult to control pneumonia when calves are placed in communal pens.Improved husbandry,ventilation and good nursing care can all reduce risks of pneumonia,as well as ensuring tha young animals receive appropriate amount of colostrum within thee first 24 hours of birth 
Colostrum:
All calves must have one gallon of colostrum within four to six hour of birth to receive adequate immunity.calves that are not given enough antibodies at the birth are at increased risk for pneumonia and scours throughout the entire growing period.The most important step in any calf health management programme is successful
Vaccination:
Vaccines are available to reduce risk of infection,however the must be used alongside an effective management programs
Calf Pneumonia
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