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Thursday, April 9, 2020

Canine Parvovirus

Canine Parvovirus
Canine Parvovirus
dog
.Introduction:
The canine parvovirus infection is a highly contagious viral illness that effects dogs.
The virus manifest itself into two different forms.
The more common form is intestinal form.
.Transmisson:
Canine parvovirus type 2b mainly spread either by direct contact with an infected dog,or indirectly by the fecal oral route.
Virus can live in ground soil for upto a year.
Canine Parvovirus
SOIL
It is resistant to most of cleaning products ,or even to weather changes.
.Signs& Symptoms:
The major symptoms associated with the intestinal form of canine parvovirus infection include
  • Severe bloody diarrhea
  • Lethargy
    Canine Parvovirus
    Canine Parvovirus
  • Anorexia
    Canine Parvovirus
    Canine Parvovirus
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
    Canine Parvovirus
    Canine Parvovirus
  • Severe weight loss
  • The intestinal form of CPV affects the body ability to absorb nutrients,and an affected animal will quickly become dehydrated and weak form lack of protein and fluid absorption.
  • Dog that have CPV may also have a low body temperature ,rather than a fever.
.Diagnosis:
Physical examination
Biochemical test and special test for parvovirus in feces.
A urine analysis,abdominal radio graphs and abdominal ultrasound.\
Abdominal radio graph imaging may show intestinal obstruction.
.Treatment:
  1. Viral infection no real cure.
  2. Parvovirus treatment is focused on curing the symptoms and preventing secondary bacterial infections.
  3. Intravenous fluid and nutrition therapy are crucial in maintaining a dog,s normal body fluid after severe diarrhea and dehydration and protein and electrolyte level will be monitored and regulated as necessary.
  4. Medications that may be used in treatment include
  • Antiementics,to cure vomiting
  • Antacids
  • Gastroprotectants
  • Anthelmintics'
  • The survival rate of dog is about 70 % when treated in hospital
  • Death may result from severe dehydration
.Prevention:
Vaccination
Young puppies should be vaccinated at six week of age with at least two vaccine after 10 weeks of age and should not be socialized with unknown dogs until at least two weeks after there third vaccination.
Canine Parvovirus
CPV
High Risk breeds
may require a longer initial vaccination period of up to 22 weeks.
During this time your puppy should only socialize in private areas with known dogs.
Always pickup feces immediately.
This is a good habit to start as it reduces environmental contamination and spread of intestinal parasites.
Canine Parvovirus
Canine Parvovirus

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